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Poor students in cities are a lot more likely to get into top universities, and that is because schools have created 'urban escalators' which leave rural students on the margins. That is not to say that rural students go to university less, they go more, it is just that elite schools and governments prefer urban-centered policy interventions and the targeting of university and third-sector outreach activities to urban areas. Researchers from the University of Bath analysed data from the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) of 800,000 English students beginning university in the academic…
Marie Stopes opened Britain’s first clinic offering birth control advice to married women. Born in Edinburgh in 1880, Stopes was an author, women’s rights campaigner and trained paleobotanist. She railed against the Catholic church and the male-dominated medical establishment. And her work – including her 1918 book Married Love – was pioneering. She was also a fierce advocate for eugenics. This is the practice or advocacy of controlled selective breeding to improve the “quality” of a population’s genetic composition. She called for the “hopelessly rotten and racially diseased” to be…
A statistical association between food and disease or health is created by asking people how much of something they consume and then matching it up to the diseases. If statistical significance can be found, a paper is written on the observational study but there is obviously a high risk of bad data when people are asked to recall how much of anything they have. And if an epidemiologist has a goal in advance, it is easy to create statistical significance and highlight a risk that experts would dismiss. A new paper says that the recent stalling of salt reduction programmes in the UK will eat…

Agriculture

Farmers from Europe to South America have one large, fragile asset more important than all others. Their land. Specifically, a thin layer of topsoil that can readily wash away or be depleted.

Chemistry

The coronavirus pandemic has now spread to every country in Africa, hitting a continent already reeling from the worst plague of Desert

Culture

Marie Stopes opened Britain’s first clinic offering birth control advice to married women. Born in Edinburgh in 1880, Stopes was an author, women’s rights campaigner and trained paleobotanist.

Biology

The brain has very high energy demand. For its body mass, the brain keeps mitochondria firing producing our body's common energy currency, ATP, from the fats, proteins, and carbohydrates in our food.

Physics

W bosons, elementary particles that carry the weak force, one of the four fundamental forces.

Environment

A stark warning about the kind of summer that could become routine in the UK by the end of this century has been issued in a new study by the country’s Met Office.

Space

Esca probo proprius refero. At capto incassum meus minim nibh pagus venio vulputate. Capto hos macto metuo minim odio scisco tego ymo. Duis ea incassum lucidus nimis pneum premo roto ut. Commodo diam feugiat minim nimis nutus qui vindico.

Energy

Forced contraception in exchange for aid is the solution. The problem is that there are too many of us. COVID-19 is nature’s way of dealing with the situation.